Whatever type of business you're setting up, dns accountants can assist you with company formation services in Cardiff. By using our limited company formation package and signing up to one of our accountancy packages, we will give you access to:
Out of all the options, a private limited company is widely considered the best way to start a company. The core concept of this type of company structure is to protect the business owner's personal assets, keeping them separate from the new business.
Your new company will be a separate legal entity. Vital things like business bank accounts, credit agreements, business assets, and therefore any legal claims, are held by or against the business itself.
For example, if your private limited company became insolvent, you, as the business owner, would not be personally liable for settling outstanding debts. Other company structures do not offer the same protections, putting your personal assets at risk. There are other benefits to the limited company:
A limited company route is more tax-efficient from a personal tax point of view than operating as a sole trader. As a limited company director, you will typically take a small salary (with little tax liability) and the remainder of your income in the form of dividends (which are free from National Insurance contributions). Dividend tax rates are significantly lower than standard personal tax rates.
Your company will be required to pay corporation tax on your company's profits. However, corporation tax rates for small companies are generally lower than most income tax rates.
Limited companies have access to a greater array of business finance options. From loans to business bank accounts, you will have more options in seeking that boost of funds when looking to expand your venture.
The name of a company is all-important, but especially with private limited companies. You must register a limited company with Companies House using a unique name, which is subsequently protected by law. No other business can use that particular name, so it offers long-term protection.
Being able to add 'limited' to the end of your company's name is a great way to show potential investors, partners or customers that your business is a serious venture. It is an instantly recognisable term for anyone. Some businesses even entirely exclude non-limited companies from working with them.
Need help with company formation from a friendly, no-nonsense team? Give us a call today on 03300 886 686 to speak to our advisors. We specialise in company registration in the UK, including limited company formation, private limited company registration services, and Ltd company formation. After completing the company formation process, we will help to manage the company accounts on an ongoing basis. Our company registration service will help you to register your limited company and if you sign up to one of our accounting and company registration packages, it will give you access to a wide range of other benefits.
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I am writing this email as a token of appreciation for Manish Garg, who is our lead accountant for the past couple of years. Manish is a very helpful person who often goes above and beyond to ensure that clients are fully satisfied and happy with the service provided by DNS. He also has a friendly attitude coupled with excellent subject knowledge and attention to detail, and is certainly a great asset for the company. Owing to such a fantastic service provided by Manish, I will always recommend DNS associates to all my contractor friends and colleagues.
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I’m a new client and Debangshu Sarkar has been reliable, timely and informative to date. Very impressed with the service.
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Company formations are not difficult, but you need to be aware of what you require to submit, and all the company details you need to register at Companies House. If you are not sure of some of the below, then it is better to use a company formation agent such as dns accountants to handle every aspect of your company formation.
Once you’ve decided to set up a limited company, you have to choose which type of company to form. The types of companies you can register with Companies House are:
Your company name must be unique, so search the Companies House register before you decide on and submit a name. The name has to end in either Ltd or Limited. Certain words or phrases are prohibited from being used in your company name, like chartered, royal, and commission. These are regulated to stop companies from misleading customers about their qualifications or professional standing.
Your company must have at least one officer or director listed as the primary person responsible for the business. A company director is ultimately responsible for the submission of reports and tax returns, as well as all notices of changes to company documents, like the registered office address, shareholders etc.
Other officers can be registered with Companies House too, like company secretaries, who are responsible for maintaining statutory registers, keeping minutes of board meetings, and ensuring all statutory filings are completed.
The recording of a service address and registered office address is a vital step for company formation. Any and all company directors must submit their residential address as well, though they can also submit a registered office address to be kept on the public record.
Here at dns accountants, we offer registered office address services, which allow you to use our address as your registered office address if you have not yet acquired a business premises or want to protect your home address from appearing on public records.
A person with significant control (PSC) is someone who owns or controls your company. They’re sometimes called ‘beneficial owners’.
You must identify your PSC and tell Companies House who they are. This might be you, or someone associated with your company. A company can have one or more PSCs.
You must record their details on your company’s PSC register, and you’ll need to include this information when you incorporate a limited company.
To complete the incorporation process, you will need the following documents:
To complete the private limited company formation process, you must open a business bank account for your organisation. This remains separate from your personal finances and is used exclusively by yourself and business banking partners for the company's financial matters.
As a note, sole traders and those in non-limited partnerships are also able to open a business bank account, as a way to separate your businesses' financial matters from your own.
Many banks will offer a free business bank account initially as an introductory offer but then will charge for it after the free bank account period ends.
You can register a UK limited company online or by post with Companies House yourself if you understand the company documents you need to create. The process is doable, but the company documents that need to be completed and submitted can be overwhelming for an individual, especially if it's your first time.
Many people opt to use a company formation agent to assist them in the process. At dns accountants, we offer a comprehensive company formation service, providing professional, experienced support directly to you while your new company is set up. Using an agent such as dns accountants to complete the company registration process for you, will be quicker, easier, and can minimise mistakes being made in the company formation process. Our free customer support is always there to answer your questions, allay your worries and make sure you can start your company hassle-free.
There is more administration needed to run a limited company. This includes doing the following for a limited company:
Whether you are a sole trader or limited company shareholder, you will need to submit an annual personal tax return to declare your income to HMRC for them to work out the tax you need to pay.
Whether you are a sole trader or a limited company, if your turnover is above £85,000 per year, then you will also need to register for VAT.
The added administration can add to the cost of running a limited company. However, these additional costs can often be offset by tax savings you gain.
You should seek professional advice to ensure you submit all the right paperwork to Companies House and HMRC, but also to ensure that you maximise your company tax savings or personal tax relief for yourself and other company directors. A good accountant such as dns accountants will make sure you never miss a tax deadline or filing deadline or incur penalties.
You must prepare a confirmation statement for Companies House every year, even if your company is dormant. This document used to be called an annual return and it confirms general information about a company at that point in time. This ensures that the details shown on public records (the ‘companies register’) are correct and up to date.
What information do I need to check and confirm on a confirmation statement?
The company details you must check and confirm on the confirmation statement are:
These are statutory legal documents that define how the company is regulated and what rules it must follow in its day-to-day business.
Articles of Association are rules that govern the company, and which shareholders and directors have agreed. The articles outline the managerial and administrative structure and responsibilities of the business and include information on the rights of shareholders.
A limited company can choose to adopt the Model Articles of Association. These articles present a clear and concise framework that enables the directors to coordinate meetings, issue shares and pass resolutions (amongst many other things).
Though private limited company formation is generally the ideal option for starting a business, there are some areas one should be aware of. For example, you will need to submit annual accounts and pay corporation tax on profits.
Your company must be registered with HMRC in the first three months of trading activity. The filing of an annual company tax return is required by HMRC.
Registering with PAYE is also necessary for paying your own and any other salaries.
Finally, registering for VAT may be necessary, and is something many business owners opt to do anyway. In short, the tax requirements for starting and maintaining a limited company are more complex than those other company formation options.
Starting a private limited company in the UK is also a more time-consuming process. Registering for Corporation Tax and registering your company as Companies House is only part of the responsibilities you have when running a company. The above is only part of it.
Companies House workload is often significant, so you need to allow time to file all the relevant paperwork.
Whilst you protect your company name by registering it, it may also limit your naming options if another business already exists with the same name.
The Companies House filing fee for registering is less but is a cost you need to factor into setting up a company.
Finally, there are stringent rules for limited companies that have to be followed. Record keeping, the taking of meeting minutes, submitting annual company accounts, submitting an annual return and notifying Companies House of changes in company details, directors and share changes are all required to be submitted, monitored and regulated.
A private limited company registered at companies house is not the only route for someone looking to start their own business, so let's explore alternative options for your business idea.
A limited company is a type of business structure, which is incorporated with Companies House in the UK and has its own legal personality/identity. This legal distinction means the company is separate from its shareholders and directors. If an individual opts to run the business as a limited company, the business will:
A sole trader is an individual that is self-employed and who owns and runs their own business. A sole trader business doesn’t have any legal identity separate from its owner. So, fundamentally as a sole trader, you are the business. The biggest difference between a sole trader and a limited company is that you are personally responsible for any losses your business makes but can keep all the profits after you've paid taxes on them.
Being a sole trader is a route many new business owners choose when considering UK company formation. It is the simplest company formation process and is also known as being self- employed. Notifying HMRC of your status as a sole trader within the first three months of business operations, and subsequently submitting self-assessment tax returns annually is all that is needed. Companies house requires no involvement, and there are no associated fees. You could start your own company today!
The main issue is personal liability. If your company hits rough waters, like a legal case is brought against your company or you default on loan payments, you are personally responsible for rectifying the issue. This puts your personal bank account, other business ventures, even your home, at risk. Sole trading is also less tax efficient, and as anyone can do it, it is generally considered less prestigious or trustworthy compared to other company structure options.
Put simply, a partnership is akin to being a sole trader, only with partners. The company registration process is similarly simple, and someone having your back, especially if it is your first time starting a business, is an attractive prospect. All the issues that come with being a sole trader; the risk to your personal finances and legal standing are shared.
If the risks associated with the proposed company are shared, then of course the benefits are shared as well. Any profits shared will be taxed for each partner individually, with the same tax inefficiencies mentioned above. It also means that you are held equally responsible for any problems caused by your partners. As they have significant control over the business, this could be disastrous for you and the business as a whole.
The limited liability partnership route is comparable to working in an unincorporated partnership, with elements of a limited company mixed in. Companies house and HMRC must both be registered with to form an LLP, and reports from your annual accounts must be submitted with both bodies. LLPs offer flexibility for your business. There must be two or more partners, which can be businesses themselves. LLPs also do not pay corporation tax, unlike a limited company.
Limited liability partnerships do have some issues. They are less tax efficient than other options. Each individual partner has to submit a Self Assessment Tax Return, pay income tax on their share of profits and make National Insurance contributions.
If you want to begin the company formation process, it can be a real hurdle to acquire a business partner, not to mention the sharing of profits and control. Liability in an LLP is shared and determined by the individual partner's size of investment into the new company. This in theory protects those with limited means. But it still puts them and the larger investors as liable for what could be other company directors' mistakes. This liability is personal in nature, just like as a sole trader. If your individual financial situation worsens over the course of the company's lifetime, the requirement to pay based on your original contribution still stands. This could be devastating in the long term.