European Commission – Power & Functions | How Does it Work?
What is meant by European Commission?
The European Commission is a part of the European Union (EU). This part or section is responsible for creating, suggesting and amending the rules and regulations in place. Other than this there are other responsibilities of the European Commission, which are given hereunder:
- Proposing legislation
- Maintaining the treaties
- Managing day to day activities
- Implementing decisions
How is the European Commission composed?
The European Commission is composed of 28 members, one member from each member state. Along with this, all of these members form a cabinet government and work as a part of such government. The members are informally addressed as or known as commissioners. All members of this cabinet government are bound by oath, which is done at the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg.
Out of all the 28 members, one of them is elected as the president of the cabinet and is proposed by the European Council and is elected by the European Parliament to function as the same. After this, the Council of the European Union then nominates the other 27 members of the commission as per the proposal of the elected president of the cabinet government. Once this is done, the council of 28 members is then formed as a single body unit which is subject to vote and the approval of the European Parliament.
The first European Commission was?
The first European Commision was formed in the year 1951.This happened under President J. Monnet. The first ever European commission was a 9-member group of commissioners and was termed as “High Authority.” This authority took its first office in the month of August of the year 1952.
What are the Powers and Functions of the European Commission?
The European Commission was set-up as a supranational authority and to work separately from the government. Although the members of this commission are proposed by their respective states, these elected members for the commission work independently and separately from the government.
The article 17 of the f the Treaty on European Union describes and gives out the responsibilities and the functions of the European Commission. Some of which are discussed below:
- Executive power: The commission could exercise its powers however it deemed fit before the Treaty of Lisbon. However, after the Treaty of Lisbon, the commission can only exercise its power through treaties.
- Legislative initiative: The commission is quite different than other institutions in the EU. This commission alone has the power to take the initiative to propose and form plans. The nature of European Commission’s powers for this initiative is usually of the economic kind. European Commission’s rules and regulations are usually based on the precautionary principle. However, in recent times, the commission has even created and regulated some criminal laws. It must be remembered that the first and the foremost concern of the European Commission is the health of the people.
- Enforcement: Once the Parliament gives its assent to the legislative ideas of the commission, it becomes the duty of the commission to implement the ideas. The European Commission does this through its member states and other agencies. The commission is also assisted by various committees and various representatives, who, in times like these, help the commission to implement their ideas and regulatory legislation easily.
Can the European Commission be dismissed?
The European Commission as a whole can be dismissed, if the need is, with vote-of-no-confidence by the parliament. Other than this, it is only the President who can ask an individual commissioner of the European Commission to give their resignation. Furthermore, the Council or the Commission can force a commissioner to retire should such commissioner have breached their responsibilities or obligations.
How does the European Commission work?
The European Commission is divided into sections. Each commissioner’s portfolio has a number of Directorates-General (DGs). All of these DGs work in an extremely specific policy area and prepare proposals for such areas.
These proposals are then sent to the commissioner who in turn would either accept the proposal or reject it or ask for some amendments to the same. Once the commissioner approves the proposal, the proposal is then sent to the Parliament to gain assent from the Parliament and to be implemented as soon as possible.
However, the proposal will not be implemented if the Parliament does not give its assent to the proposal.
How does the European Commission fit in the structures of the European Union?
The European Commission is one of the most important institutions of European Commission. The commission can come up with new laws, rules, and frame new regulations. However, the commission does not have the right to pass their own rules and regulations. The commission’s rules or proposed ideas will be implemented only when the parliament approves them.
The Parliament discusses the proposed ideas. The discussion takes place among the various state’s MEPS and the Council of the European Union, which is made up of representatives of each country’s government. The make-up of the latter part changes, depending on the matter of discussion.
How many employees does it have?
The European Commission is one of the most important parts of the EU. Since the nature of the work performed by the commission usually relates to civil service, this commission hires the most number of employees. In 2016, the European Commission has around 32,000+ employees.
Is there a difference between European Union and European Commission?
Yes, there is a difference between the two. EU is a body of 28 member countries and is a political-economic union. However, as for the European Commission, matters are different. The European Commission is an executive body in the EU. This body is headed by a president and other members, who are informally called as commissioners.
The primary function of the commission’s work or existence is to create laws and regulations that help people. Most of the proposed ideas and rules of the European Commission pertains to civil services.
Where is EC (European Commission) located?
European Commission is located in Luxembourg. The website for EC is -> ec.europa.eu.
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